Gynaecomastia (sometimes referred to as “man boobs”) is a common condition that causes boys’ and men’s breasts to swell and become larger than normal.
What are the signs of gynaecomastia?
Signs vary from a small amount of extra tissue around the nipples to more prominent breasts. It can affect one or both breasts. Sometimes, the breast tissue can be tender or painful, but this isn’t always the case.
What causes gynaecomastia?
Gynaecomastia can have several causes.
Gynaecomastia can be caused by an imbalance between the sex hormones testosterone and oestrogen. Oestrogen causes breast tissue to grow. While all men produce some oestrogen, they usually have much higher levels of testosterone, which stops the oestrogen from causing breast tissue to grow. Sometimes, the cause of this imbalance is unknown.
Some growth in breast tissue is not due to extra body fat from being overweight. Also being overweight can increase levels of oestrogen, which can cause breast tissue to grow.
As men get older, they produce less testosterone and also tend to have more body fat, and this can cause more oestrogen to be produced.
Illegal drugs – such as cannabis or anabolic steroids
Lumps or infection in the testicles. These need to be investigated urgently.
Surgical Treatment for gynaecomastia
Once medical causes have been excluded, and there is no medical treatment available, most patients will surgical treatment. The treatment depends on how advanced the condition is.
Mild- liposuction alone could be sufficient
Moderate- liposuction plus breast tissue excision
Major- a procedure where the breast is opened to remove the extra breast and skin tissue.
Duration – 1 – 1.5 Hours
Hospital stay – Day surgery or Overnight stay
Costs – from £3999
Return to work – 1 week
Location – London, Manchester, Beirut, Doha